Arthur C. Clarke (1987)
Award Presented at La Conciergerie, Paris, France
Arthur C. Clarke has been called one of the twentieth century's rare combinations of practical scientist and poetic visionary. In 1945, at the age of 27, Clarke outlined his proposal for geostationary communications satellites in an article published in "Wireless World." This geostationary orbit is now known as the "Clarke Orbit," and the communications satellites which he envisioned are today used for oceanographic survey, navigation by ships, meteorological research, global communication and global education. Clarke has written or collaborated on some sixty fiction and non-fiction books, twenty million copies of which have been translated into thirty languages.